Gatlin Education Services
Medical Transcription Certificate Program
Facilitator:  Carrie Stein, CMT

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Obstetrical Terminology (gravida and para)

There are several ways to correctly write the phrase containing “gravida” and “para.”   If a woman has had 3 pregnancies, 2 full-term deliveries, 1 miscarriage, and has 2 living children, this can be written:

a. gravida 3, para 2, ab 1  
OR

b. gravida 3, para 2, abortus 1  
OR

c. gravida 3, para 2, a 1  
OR

d. G3, P2, A1 
OR

e. gravida 3, para 2-0-1-2 (3 pregnancies, 2 full-term deliveries, 0 premature deliveries, 1 miscarriage, and 2 living children)

Use the style dictated by the originator of the report.  The words gravida and para are not capitalized except at the beginning of a sentence, and arabic numerals are used.

In order to “add up” the numbers and make sure they are correct, if using style “a,” “b,” “c,” or “d” above, add the number of deliveries and abortions or miscarriages.  That number should equal the number of pregnancies.

For style “e” above, add the number of full-term deliveries, premature deliveries, and abortions or miscarriages.  That number should equal the number of pregnancies.

If the numbers do not “add up,” check the medical record if you have access to it, contact the originator of the report, or flag the report to let the originator know that there is a discrepancy in the numbers.
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